The education system of Pakistan is comprised of 260,903 institutions and is facilitating 41,018,384 students with the help of 1,535,461 teachers. EdStats (Education Statistics) provides data and analysis on a wide range of education topics such as access, quality, learning outcomes, teachers, education expenditures, and education equality. Both the federal and provincial governments are seeking to increase ECE participation rates, but progress is slow. Pakistan jobs in 2020, Jobs Advertisement, Job job, Pakistan job websites,job hunting. In Pakistan there are approximately 1.5 million documented individuals from Afghanistan. In some provinces these new degrees have replaced the former Primary Teaching Certificate and Certificate in Teaching and now function as an interim credential. UNDP Pakistan launched its second National Human Development Report - Unleashing the potential of a Young Pakistan authored by Dr. Adil Najam and Dr. Faisal Bari. A relatively new credential; not frequently awarded today but expected to become increasingly common in the next few years. The government is currently trying to create a system with the capacity to accommodate 20 percent of all school leavers by 2025. To ensure systematic and comprehensive coverage of population education through the existing formal and nonformal education programs the government is planning to undertake in collaboration with the UN Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) and other bilateral and multilateral funding agencies. Increase in population will also increase the problems.  Transparency International. Early childhood education (ECE) for children between the ages of three and four has historically been given little attention even in more affluent urban areas, where patchy public provision may be supplemented with private kindergartens. More recent data from UIS are not available as of early 2017. International Organization for Migration. But an important related factor here is that that college cohort has been decreasing for some time as a percentage of total global population. What’s more, since even public colleges are to some extent dependent on tuition fees, many only offer programs in popular fields of study that don’t require large investments in facilities. The new associate degrees, awarded at affiliated colleges of education and community colleges, are being offered in education. The education level of Females in Pakistan is very low. Several of the academic institutions of the Aga Khan Education Services in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh date back to the 19th century. The minimum passing grade in each subject is 33 percent. Note: In addition to these benchmark qualifications, universities offer a variety of shorter undergraduate-level diploma programs as well as postgraduate diplomas, which are mostly one year in duration and require a bachelor’s degree for admission. (For context, Pakistan’s gross national income per capita was USD$1,590 in 2018). Routledge. Some research and evaluation projects have been undertaken periodically to study the effectiveness of some of the family planning programs. It should be noted, however, that the future growth potential of private higher education in Pakistan is limited by what the market is able to bear, particularly with regard to expensive higher quality institutions, many of which require tuition fees that are out of reach for most of Pakistan’s population. One credit hour is equivalent to 50 minutes of classroom instruction each week throughout a semester of 16 to 18 weeks’ duration. The following are the objectives of population education. All colleges must be recognized by the Pakistan Medical Commission (PMC) and must be affiliated with a degree-granting university. While UNESCO does not report data for China, and Chinese government figures are difficult to compare,[1] Pakistan is currently the third-largest sending country to China with 28,000 students, per Chinese statistics. and Egharevba, M.E. To improve the quality of Pakistani universities, the HEC currently plans to create a three-tiered system of HEIs, including a top tier of 30 government-supported research universities that will cater to Pakistan’s best and brightest students. The recent population of Pakistan is 186 millions. Most typically, this is an internal assessment devised by the institution, but it’s increasingly common for institutions to rely on external tests, such as the National Aptitude Test conducted by Pakistan’s National Testing Service. After it was re-introduced, the number of private HEIs grew substantially, helping to absorb the rising demand for higher education. This move, while placing decision-making and funding into the hands of those with a greater understanding of local needs, has also created a fragmented system that lacks coordination and has produced uneven educational outcomes in different provinces. A steering body attached to the MFEP—the Inter Board Committee of Chairmen—coordinates curricula and examination-related matters between the different boards. It should be noted that colleges or teaching institutions in the public sector are bound by the admission requirements set by the degree-awarding university to which they are affiliated. ADVERTISEMENTS: After reading this article you will learn about the Population Education:- 1. To become affiliated with DAIs, colleges must meet certain minimum requirements set forth by the HEC and the affiliating university, which determines the syllabi, conducts periodic examinations—including annual progression exams and graduation exams—and awards the final degree. Another notable destination country is Germany, where Pakistan is now among the top 20 sending countries after enrollments jumped by 28 percent within just one year, from 3,836 in 2017 to 4,928 in 2018—a trend likely driven, among other factors, by the availability of tuition-free, high-quality graduate programs in engineering. As noted in a recent HEC-sponsored study, “science subjects … are avoided by colleges because there is need of science laboratories to run those programs. Nepal [Population education in countries of the region]. In the U.S., likewise, Pakistani enrollments have generally been on an upward trajectory over the past few years. Other popular destination countries include the U.K. and the Muslim-majority countries Malaysia and Saudi Arabia, the latter also being a magnet for labor migrants from Pakistan. Abuja. Routledge. Today, Pakistan’s national regulations formally stipulate a four-year bachelor’s degree in education or its equivalent as the minimum requirement to teach at Pakistani schools, from elementary through higher secondary levels. The government initiated action in 1980 to integrate population education in the formal and nonformal education sectors. Islamiyat (Islamic studies) is a core subject up through lower-secondary school and is seen as critical to the inculcation of Islamic values in both personal development and the formation of a national identity. The increased demand among Pakistani youths for an international education is also reflected in surging enrollments in transnational TNE program offerings by academic institutions from various countries in Pakistan itself. Moreover, Pakistan's economy is undergoing many economic and non-economic problems, including large increases in population and poverty, both of which continue to have a significant negative impact on the country's literacy rate.  |  This implies that 9 … National Institute of Population Studies (NIPS) [Pakistan] and ICF International. The overall transition rate from elementary to middle school stood at 84 percent nationwide in 2017. While there can be considerable differences in school curricula between provinces, overall curriculum guidelines are determined by the MFEP. Entry to the practice of law requires the completion of a five-year Bachelor of Laws (LLB) program, followed by a period of practical training and passing an examination conducted by one of Pakistan’s provincial Bar Councils. In 2017, Pakistan spent only 2.9 percent of its GDP on education—far below the government’s official target of 4 percent. While Pakistan had a comparatively centralized system of government throughout much of its history, there has been a trend toward decentralization since the early 2000s, notably in education. 2013. Pakistan’s population is set to grow by 40 million people in the next 15 years and the economy needs to grow by more than 7% a year to create jobs for this growing young population. The delivery of education services in Pakistan is severely impacted by economic, political and security challenges that the country has been facing for some years. The truth is that, at the time of independence Pakistan had only one university, the University of Punjab. According to the 2017 Population Census, 36.4 percent of the population lives in urban areas. They can also be either public or private, but only public DAIs are allowed to have affiliated colleges, and most colleges are, in effect, public institutions. Private education features prominently in Pakistani elementary and middle school education, as it helps to bridge capacity gaps in the underfunded public sector. In 2014, the illiterate population for women who were 15 and older was over 32,000,000. Create awareness among the students about population matters, environment, and supply and demand of essential commodities. Already established are levels 1 to 4, which define secondary-level national vocational certificates (NVCs) designed to produce semi-skilled workers in a wide variety of vocations, ranging from automotive technicians to electrician or plumber. The contraceptive prevalence rate has stagnated, along with a very low number of skilled-attendance at births. It should be noted, however, that China has emerged as a significant destination as well. In medicine, those completing a specialization are awarded the university degree of Doctor of Medicine and become members of the College of Physicians and Surgeons. These schools operate either wholly autonomously or are affiliated with private madrasah education boards. Accessed February 2017. Thailand [Population education in countries of the region]. Poverty also plays a major role. The project is expected to improve weather forecasting in Pakistan and facilitate sustainable management of around 80,000 hectares of forest area. While great strides have been made in improving literacy and participation rates, the education system remains largely elitist with access to the best educational opportunities available only to the more affluent or well-connected. Special education centers were established in all areas of Punjab to cater four types of special need children (i.e) hearing impaired/deaf, visually impaired/blind, physically impaired and mentally retarded. function footnote_expand_reference_container() { jQuery('#footnote_references_container').show(); jQuery('#footnote_reference_container_collapse_button').text('-'); } function footnote_collapse_reference_container() { jQuery('#footnote_references_container').hide(); jQuery('#footnote_reference_container_collapse_button').text('+'); } function footnote_expand_collapse_reference_container() { if (jQuery('#footnote_references_container').is(':hidden')) { footnote_expand_reference_container(); } else { footnote_collapse_reference_container(); } } function footnote_moveToAnchor(p_str_TargetID) { footnote_expand_reference_container(); var l_obj_Target = jQuery('#' + p_str_TargetID); if (l_obj_Target.length) { jQuery('html, body').animate({ scrollTop: l_obj_Target.offset().top - window.innerHeight * 0.12 }, 80); } }, Subscribe to WENR, and discover other tools and publications. There is lack of cohesion in the system and it is more prone towards general education which does not bring any skilled manpower to the market. The broad strategies for implementation cover the following areas: identification of the target group; instructional strategies; and federal and provincial implementation strategies. However, due to porous borders and a lack of adequate infrastructure/resources to register foreigners over the … Variable. These disparities have a big impact on educational outcomes, including vast gaps in access to education and overall educational attainment. It also coordinates education policies between jurisdictions. Given Pakistan’s political instability, weak economy, and the shortcomings of its higher education system, Pakistan is not a significant destination country for international students. Pakistan hosts more than 1.4 million registered Afghans who have been forced to flee their homes. Current lists of recognized universities, campuses, authorized transnational providers and programs, as well as illegally operating institutions are available here. Crucially, Pakistan devotes comparatively few resources to education and trails regional countries like India or Nepal in education spending. In Human development Report Pakistan is placed at 136th position for having just 49.9%educated populace. When theoretical and practical study are indicated, the corresponding credit hours are typically shown as two hyphenated digits within parentheses, for example, “4 (3-1).”. Other measures have c… The traditional English-speaking international study destinations, Australia and the U.S., are currently the top choices among Pakistani degree-seeking students, as per UNESCO statistics. It’s crucial to understand that huge socioeconomic disparities exist in Pakistan not only between rural and urban regions, but also between the country’s diverse provinces. Relying on affiliated colleges to teach degree programs affords universities a comparatively easy and cost-effective way to scale up capacity, especially in remote areas. Certification in medical specialties requires another three to five years of clinical studies, depending on the specialty. Education in Pakistan is free and compulsory for all children between the ages of five and 16, or up through grade 10, or what’s referred to as “matriculation” in Pakistan. © 2020 World Education Services. Analysis of education system in Pakistan Osipian, Ararat L. 2013. Beyond the dearth of funds, many observers note that the efficiency of the Pakistani system is also undermined by poorly managed top-down governance structures, a lack of qualified faculty and cooperation between institutions, red tape, comparatively high levels of corruption, and patronage networks in which positions are filled based on political allegiances rather than objective qualifications. NLM Note, however, that the expensive private prep schools that teach British curricula like the Cambridge International General Certificate of Secondary Education (IGCSE) cater mostly to wealthy elites and are out of reach for most ordinary Pakistani households. [1] When comparing international student numbers, it is important to note that numbers provided by different agencies and governments vary because of differences in data capture methodology, definitions of “international student,” and types of mobility captured (credit, degree, etc.). India, by comparison, spent 4.6 percent of its GDP on education in 2016. By 2025, the number of tier 1 and 2 university-level institutions is projected to increase from 209 today to 300, serving more than seven million students. Much of the rapid growth in Pakistan’s research output is owed to an incentivization system that ties academic journal publications to faculty promotions and financial rewards. Note that academic transcripts may still indicate percentage marks, as used under the old system (see below), but the actual grade ranges are different. Among the factors driving this growth are the shortcomings of the public school system, particularly the lack of schools in rural areas, and the influx of Afghan and other refugees, which are often excluded from Pakistan’s formal education system. Private institutions offer fewer graduate programs than public HEIs, and many don’t engage in academic research activities. Most recently, Pakistan’s Higher Education Commission in 2019 announced that it will provide 3,000 scholarships for students from Afghanistan to pursue studies at Pakistani HEIs in fields like medicine, engineering, agriculture, computer science, and business management. Meaning and Definition of Population Education: Most of the people agree ‘Population Education’ with education of the population. 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