The Truth About Trophy Hunting Sharing findings from 10 case studies worldwide, first up is the case of trophy hunting's impact on rhinos in South Africa and Namibia. No. It can help in population control, but with unrestrained hunting, it can also destroy the population and cause extinction to rare species. Data Policy They also cause immense animal suffering. This … Trophy hunters don’t target problem or surplus animals; instead they covet those animals with the most impressive traits – the largest tusks, or the darkest manes. They value protecting individual animals over actions that favor preservation of species. However, while hunters pay roughly $200 million each year for big game hunts in Africa, only around 3 percent of those funds go to local communities, and the amount dedicated to conservation efforts is nearly negligible. In fact, time and again it has been shown that trophy hunting operations can expand wildlife populations rather than reduce them. BAN TROPHY HUNTING     TAKE ACTION     10 FACTS ABOUT TROPHY HUNTING     TROPHY HUNTING: BUSTING THE MYTHS. & Teferi T. (2005). There are several questions that science can’t help address, primary of which is whether or not the money raised from the sale of hunting permits is used for conservation, something often promised by hunting tour operators. The overwhelming majority of hunting fees ends up lining the … Even so, some have expressed concern regarding what the larger message of sanctioned trophy hunts might be. One, it acts as a funding source for state agencies that help conserve habitat. The sale of the right to kill an animal for a trophy surely reflects the value that animal lives hold in at least some corners of our society: that killing an animal for fun isn’t wrong, as long as you can afford it. A majority of hunters – eighty-six percent! Even conservationists can’t agree: many argue for more compassionate solutions to conservation challenges, while others believe that trophy hunting can be a good thing. Along with some governments, they claim that "well-managed" trophy hunting is an effective conservation tool, which can also help local communities. I don’t understand the desire to kill a magnificent animal for sport, even if the individual is an older non-breeding male. (Only the elephant was missing.) It all depends on the specific case. The selective hunting for specific traits in species with high levels of sexual dimorphism skews sex … But if an endangered species as charismatic as the black rhinoceros is under such extreme threat from poaching, then perhaps the message that the species needs saving has a larger problem to address than the relatively limited loss of animals to wealthy hunters. Big game hunters say they help support local communities and conservation efforts by paying for big game hunts. DOI: 10.1126/science.293.5538.2203b. DOI: 10.1080/13880290590913705, Lindsey P.A., Alexander R., Frank L.G., Mathieson A. Annual Reports This question is probably not one that science can adequately address. Is there such evidence? As with most hotly contested issues, trophy hunting is more complex than it first appears. Trophy Hunting of Black Rhino: Proposals to Ensure Its Future Sustainability, Journal of International Wildlife Law & Policy, 8 (1) 1-11. Sitemap DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-1795.2006.00034.x. As trophy hunting moves toward a twilight period, conservationists should be asking themselves what lessons the African experience with trophy hunting has provided and how those lessons can be applied to overcome future conservation challenges. The permit was sold for $350,000, well above the previous high bid for a permit in that country, $223,000. (2007) indicated that trophy hunting occurs in 23 countries in Africa, with the largest industries occurring in southern Africa and Tanzania. It is right to worry about the sort of message that sends. Sign up to get the latest Born Free news about our work and how you can help, delivered straight to your inbox. These days, hunters directly support wildlife conservation in many ways. Equal Opportunities and Diversity Policy While this money could come from somewhere else, the reality is that in North America, much of it comes from hunting (more on the funding model in a second). They include four of the so-called “big five” popular African game: lion, Cape buffalo, leopard, and rhinoceros. In South Africa, commercial hunting has been marred by scandals involving the captive breeding of lions for canned hunts and a number of private nature reserves have come under fire for their trophy-hunting practices. Through the Duck Stamp, hunters help protect and restore habitat for migratory waterfowl and other birds and wildlife. “People who consider themselves conservationists don’t consider trophy hunting conservation,” said Tanya Sanerib, international legal director for the Center for Biological Diversity. Potential of trophy hunting to create incentives for wildlife conservation in Africa where alternative wildlife-based land uses may not be viable. Leave a Legacy But trophy hunting can critically contribute to biodiversity conservation. Trophy hunting can be a useful tool in conservation as long as research into appropriate quotas continues and successful management ensures that these are adhered to. He appears surprised that by raising the conservation levies charged to Timbavati’s photographic tourists, the reserve has recently been able to significantly increase the proportion of revenue generated in this way, compared with trophy hunting. “Trophy hunting is a form of wildlife use that, when well managed, may assist in furthering conservation objectives,” the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (UICN) claims. Lindsey’s team also discovered that hunters were more sensitive to conservation concerns than was perhaps expected. And rhinos and elephants are very different animals, with different needs and behaviors. It is noteworthy that the Leader-Williams’ 2005 paper recommended that legal trophy hunting for black rhinos be focused mainly on older, non-breeding males, or on younger males who have already contributed sufficient genetic material to their breeding groups. According to a study sponsored by International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation (CIC) in partnership with the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the revenue generated by hunting tourism in seven Southern African Development Communities (SADC) in 2008 was approximately US$190 million. FAQs | "From a conservation point of view wildlife is not doing well and one of the reasons for this is because hunting creates huge value. Against a backdrop of increasing public outcry in response to individual cases such as Cecil the lion, Born Free’s report explains why the hunters’ conservation claims are drastically missing the mark. Trophy hunting provides one solution, not a perfect solution by any means, but one that may have an important role to play. Scott points out that Timbavati “relies on income generated from two forms of sustainable utilisation — photographic tourism and trophy hunting”. | Of course, rhino horns have no pharmacological value at all, making their harvest even more tragic. Trophy Hunting Fees Do Little to Help Threatened Species, Report Says By Jada F. Smith June 13, 2016 WASHINGTON — Advocates of trophy hunting, and … | Can trophy hunting actually help conservation? Leader-Williams N., Milledge S., Adcock K., Brooks M., Conway A., Knight M., Mainka S., Martin E.B. Rhino horns are valued for their medicinal uses and for their supposed cancer-curing powers. Along with some governments, they claim that “well-managed” trophy hunting is an effective conservation tool, which can also help local communities. Potential of trophy hunting to create incentives for wildlife conservation in Africa where alternative wildlife-based land uses may not be viable, Animal Conservation, 9 (3) 283-291. It is a way to raise money for conservation, but it can also be used as a disguise for corruption. Trophy hunting fees help fund conservation. Lindsey et al.‘s study found that trophy hunting creates economic incentives for conservation in areas that can be seen as unsuitable for alternative wildlife-based land uses. An animal … Can the message that an auction for the hunting of an endangered species like the black rhino brings possibly be reconciled with the competing message that the species requires saving? The stamp, formally called the Federal Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp, is required as a license for waterfowl hunting. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-1795.2006.00034.x, Leader-Williams N. Elephant Hunting and Conservation, Science, 293 (5538) 2203b-2204. This … The ‘hunting’ is illegal hunting for bush meat, and it is decimating wildlife outside the protected areas.” The comparison of data between Kenya, where hunting was banned, and Botswana, where it was allowed until 2014, and the Galana story demonstrate that hunting is the engine of profit that allows sustainable conservation. Trophy hunting can hurt the overall population of a species. | That is, they said that they were willing to hunt in areas that would not have otherwise been able to reap an economic benefit from ecotourism. Captive Animal Report Form On the surface, the answer would appear obvious. For example, a 2000 report from TRAFFIC, an organization that works with the WWF, IUCN, and CITES to track the international trade of wildlife, describes how Namibia alone was the site of almost 16,000 trophy hunts that year. The idea that trophy hunting can be an effective form of conservation works when a region sets a quota or issues a number of permits for a number of animals to be killed. Potential of trophy hunting to create incentives for wildlife conservation in Africa where alternative wildlife-based land uses may not be viable, Animal Conservation, 9 (3) 283-291. Trophy hunting and photo-tourism are not interchangeable, and restrictions on trophy hunting have a track record of undermining the conservation of ecosystems and wildlife. | This argument depends in part on the generation of significant income from the trophy hunters, which, it is claimed, can then be reinvested into conservation activities. (Charity Number: 1070906). Terms & Conditions Trophy hunting is not a conservation or animal management tool, nor does it contribute significant funds to conservation programmes or local communities; it is a cruel relic from colonial times that should be consigned to history where it belongs.”. However, it might just be worth having a quick look at some numbers. “As a result, the area of suitable land available to elephants and other wildlife has increased, reversing the problem of habitat loss and helping to maintain a sustained population increase in Zimbabwe’s already large elephant population.” It is important to note, however, that the removal of mature elephant males can have other, detrimental consequences on the psychological development of younger males. However, a study of trophy hunting by the University of Zimbabwe supports claims of conservation success tied to responsible hunting practices. And it’s not just rhinos. In South Africa alone, 461 rhinos were killed in just the first half of 2013. | Photo: Male black rhino and calf, Karl Stromayer/USFWS. The issues here are complex and highly politicized. In a 2011 letter to Science magazine, Leader-Williams also pointed out that the implementation of controlled, legalized hunting was also beneficial for Zimbabwe’s elephants. Peter Lindsey, the lead author of the study, wrote, “trophy hunting is sustainable and low risk if well managed.” Fundraising Promise Those 16,000 animals represent a wide variety of species – birds, reptiles, mammals, and even primates – both endangered and not. The hunts had nothing to do with animal management, and were clearly designed to line the pockets of a few individuals and hunting outfitters. One of our working priorities is to eliminate trophy hunting by exposing its fundamental immorality and demonstrating that wildlife can be conserved and managed humanely. It’s encouraging that trophy hunters seem willing to take conservation-related issues into consideration when choosing a tour operator, but it is possible that they were simply providing the researchers with the answers that would cast them in the best light. Hunting does two main things for conservation. Approximately nine out of every ten hunters said they’d be willing to hunt in places that were poor for wildlife viewing or which lacked attractive scenery. The real tragedy here is that the one rhino that will be killed as a result of Saturday’s auction has received a disproportionate amount of media attention compared to the hundreds of rhinos lost to poaching each year, which remain largely invisible. Horsham, West Sussex, RH12 4QP As a conservation tool, trophy hunting has been debated by both the public and experts. | In 2006, researcher Peter A. Lindsey of Kenya’s Mpala Research Centre and colleagues interviewed 150 people who either had already hunted in Africa, or who planned to do so within the following three years. & Romanach S.S. (2006). Privacy Policy They further suggested that revenues from the sale of permits be reinvested into conservation efforts, and that revenues could be maximized by selling permits through international auctions. Many also claim that wildlife itself benefits from trophy hunting because only problem or redundant animals are targeted, and so the practice is a legitimate form of population control. Public domain. Born Free is opposed to the killing of any animal for sport or pleasure and is against all forms of trophy hunting. © 2020 - Born Free Foundation Every year, hundreds of thousands of animals, including threatened species, are targeted by trophy hunters who pay large sums of money to hunt, kill and export body parts back home, to be displayed as trophies. Trophy hunting is not a conservation or animal management tool, nor does it contribute significant funds to conservation programmes or local communities; it is a cruel relic from colonial times that should be consigned to history where it belongs.” A recent report prepared for the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and others, noted that 40% of the big game hunting zones in Zambia and 72% in Tanzania are now classified as depleted, because the big game has been hunted out of these areas. And if hunting helps them get money and other goods from the animal, it is certainly in their best interests to look after the animals," Saayman wrote. Their findings were published in the journal Animal Conservation. This is hardly a groundbreaking re… Leader-Williams N. Elephant Hunting and Conservation, Dam greenhouse gas emissions really add up, Foreign investors’ land deals in Africa could heighten water conflict. The five non-breeding rhinos that Namibia allows to be hunted each year seem paltry in comparison, especially since they are older males who can no longer contribute to population growth. By doing so they remove key individuals, severely disrupting animal families and populations. Nearly half of the hunters they interviewed also indicated that they’d be willing to pay an equivalent price for a poorer trophy if it was a problem animal that would have had to be killed anyway. – told the researchers they preferred hunting in an area where they knew that a portion of the proceeds went back into local communities. Other studies demonstrate the detrimental impact hunting for trophies can have on African wildlife populations. The Born Free Foundation is a registered charity. & Romanach S.S. (2006). People protect what is valuable to them. – Jason G. Goldman | 15 January 2014, Sources: Leader-Williams N., Milledge S., Adcock K., Brooks M., Conway A., Knight M., Mainka S., Martin E.B. Though hunting groups often claim that … Lindsey P.A., Alexander R., Frank L.G., Mathieson A. Trophy Hunting of Black Rhino: Proposals to Ensure Its Future Sustainability, Journal of International Wildlife Law & Policy, 8. & Teferi T. (2005). But management is extremely important. 745 rhinos were killed due to illegal poaching in 2012 in Africa, which amounts to approximately two rhinos each day, mostly for their horns. The hunters brought eleven million US dollars with them to spend in the Namibian economy. While the Dallas Safari Club had the dubious distinction of being the first organization to hold such an auction outside of Namibia itself, it’s fairly unremarkable and actually quite common for an African nation to sell permits for trophy hunting, even for endangered species. Broadlands Business Campus, Langhurstwood Road The question has been asked again following the auction last Saturday night of the right to hunt an endangered black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) in Namibia. 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